Explain Routines For Converting Data Between A Hosts Internal Representation And Network Byte Order
Routines for converting data between a host's internal representation and Network Byte Order are:#include <sys/types.h>#include <netinet/in.h>u_long htonl(u_long hostlong);u_short htons(u_short hostshort);u_long ntohl(u_long netlong);u_short ntohs(u_short netshort);These functions are macros and result in the insertion of conversion source code into the calling program. On little-endian machines the code will change the values around to network byte order. On big-endian machines no code is inserted since none is needed; the functions are defined as null.
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