Foundations of Modern Social Thought (SOCY 151) Today we cover the transition from the young Marx, with his emphasis on change and action, to the mature Marx who turns toward positivist science and determinism, arguing that capitalism will have to fail. Through a closer look at Marx's "Theses on Feuerbach," we discuss different theories of truth with attention to the questions of where truth resides (in the subject, in the object, or some combination), how we know it, and how we know when we know it. Arguing for his conception of materialism, Marx argues that truth is not simply the reflection of the object in the mind of the subject; we must access truth through our senses and through activity. And we discuss two of Marx's historical materialist claims: life determines consciousness and the ruling class always determines the ruling ideas of a people. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Dialectics 08:12 - Chapter 2. Revisiting Two Key Theses on Feuerbach 31:32 - Chapter 3. "The German Ideology": Major Themes 35:06 - Chapter 4. The Materialist View of History 37:18 - Chapter 5. Theory of Modes of Production 39:08 - Chapter 6. Forces/Relations of Production and Division of Labor 39:49 - Chapter 7. Human History: Subsequent Modes of Production 43:07 - Chapter 8. Sociology of Knowledge Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2009.